Sativa vs Indica: What’s the Difference?

Sativa vs Indica: What’s the Difference?

Online marijuana dispensaries offer patients and customers a wide variety of products for either recreational or medical use. Finding the right marijuana product can be overwhelming for individuals who are not familiar with the industry jargon.

One of the critical decisions consumers have to make is t what cannabis strain to purchase. Although you can find an extensive range of different marijuana strains, most dispensaries tend to categorize their products mainly in two categories: Sativa and Indica.

These two standard strains might seem similar, but the reality is not simple. The chemical makeup of these cannabis strains can vary significantly, raising a hot debate about Indica vs Sativa.

So, what’s the exact difference between Sativa and Indica? What impact do they have on your mental and physical health? Please read till the end to explore the key differences between these two cannabis strains.

sativa vs indica

Sativa vs Indica: The Ultimate Showdown

What is Sativa?

Scientifically, Sativa is a classification of marijuana strains. Cannabis made from Sativa strains tends to deliver stimulating effects that can give users a buzz. Primarily, Sativa plants grow in hot and dry climates with long sunny days. These strains can widely be found in Central America, Africa, Southeast Asia, and western portions of Asia.

Diesel, Jack Herer, Silver Haze, Blue Dream, and Green Crack are some of the most popular Sativa strains that can be used for both spiritual and recreational purposes.

What is Indica?

Indica is another standard classification of marijuana, well known for its therapeutic and relaxing effects. These strains have adapted to the harsh, dry climate of the Hindu Kush Mountains. Typically, cannabis Indica can be found in Turkey, India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

Sherbquake, Death Bubba, and Emancipato are well-known Indica strains that treat muscle soreness, ease chronic stress, and manage acute pain.

indica vs sativa

Sativa vs. Indica: Exploring Key Differences

Though both Indica and Sativa are the classifications of marijuana, they show notable differences.

Let’s explore what sets Sativa and Indica apart from each other:

1. Physical Appearance of Sative and Indica

You can immediately differentiate between Indica and Sative by just looking at them. The physical appearance of these strains varies significantly.

Sativa plants grow taller with their ability to reach a height of 5 to 18 feet. Also, the leaves of these strains are thin, with only a few branches. On the other hand, Indica plants grow shorter, up to 2 to 3 feet. Moreover, Indica leaves are broader and completely branched, with a bushy appearance.

2. Composition of Sativa and Indica

Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two primary compounds that produce the effects of cannabis. Commonly known as “Cannabinoids,” these compounds affect the consumer’s brain differently.

Role of THC

Medical experts claim that THC is enriched with psychoactive properties. In short, tetrahydrocannabinol produces the “High” effects that consumers tend to associate with cannabis.

Considering this, cannabis strains with high THC content can help treat chronic pain, depression, and difficulty sleeping. Also, they can make some people anxious if consumed mindlessly.

Role of CBD

Unlike THC, CBD does not make you feel high. However, it is an effective treatment for addressing psychoses and anxiety. Although CBD induces calming effects, it can be a stimulant even in monitored and small doses.

When discussing Sativa vs. Indica, both plants contain THC and CBD compounds. Experts say that Indica plants feature more CBD content than THC, while Sativa plants produce more THC than CBD. However, it is difficult to find out the exact percentage of CBD and THC because the content of each may vary significantly in every individual plant.

3. Effects Associated with Sativa and Indica

You may have heard that Indical plants can cause relaxing feelings, whereas cannabis Sativa delivers an energetic and uplifting sensation. Let’s explore the effects associated with these strains in more depth:

Effects of Sativa

Cannabis Sativa strains are said to deliver the following scientifically-proven effects:

  • They can help ease a distracted mind while concentrating on the task at hand.
  • For some consumers, Sativa strains can help generate new ideas and improve creativity.
  • After consuming these strains, you can observe improved and altered mood.
  • The energizing effects of Sativa plants make you feel more active throughout the day.

As a result of the effects explained above, experts claim that Sativa strains can be used to treat the following conditions:

  • The soothing and uplifting effects of Sativa can help snap out intrusive thoughts and ease anxiety.
  • With their creativity-inducing and mood-uplifting abilities, Sativa strains can be used to treat the symptoms of apathy and lethargy.
  • Some consumers report that Sativa products can help ease the symptoms of ADHD because of their cerebral effects.

Cannabis Sativa strains are generally recommended for daytime use to reap their potential therapeutic benefits.

Effects of Indica

Indical consumers are often said to experience the following effects:

  • The relaxing effects of Indica strains can help relax your muscles and slow down the brain.
  • These strains can be used to keep food down and treat nausea.
  • Indica strains can be prescribed to individuals with low appetite due to a medical condition.
  • These strains are recommended for people looking to use cannabis for chronic or acute pain management.
  • Indica strains can make you feel sleepy, which may be an excellent way to treat insomnia.

It is important to note that the effects of Indica and Sativa can vary significantly from one person to the next. Additionally, several factors can influence these effects, such as method of use, tolerance, dosage, and added ingredients.

Experts also say that the CBD-to-THC ratio plays a vital role in describing how a cannabis strain can make you feel. Generally, the predominant products with high THC content can cause an intoxicating high. Even recent research found that high doses of CBD (300 mg to 600 mg) are more likely to cause a calming effect.

Sativa Indica What's the difference?

Are There Any Side Effects Associated with Sativa and Indica?

Cannabis-derived products come with a few risks that may differ from person to person. According to experts, CBD-predominant cannabis products may cause the following undesirable effects:

  • Changes in appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Anxiety
  • Dry Mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea

In contrast, cannabis strains enriched with THC may have the following side effects:

  • Hallucinations
  • Impaired Body Movement
  • Altered Senses
  • Mood Changes

How Do Sativa and Indica Work in the Body?

THC-predominant cannabis strains can produce effects like euphoria and impaired perception by binding to the following cannabinoid receptors found in the body:

CB1 Receptors

CB1 is the central receptor that THC binds to produce an intense high effect. These receptors can be found abundantly in the brain with their responsibility to influence processes like social behaviours, emotions, and memory.

CB2 Receptors

These receptors are found in the body’s tissues and control immune functions like the spleen, tonsils, and thymus. THC binds with CB2 receptors to regulate inflammatory and immune response.

How CBD-predominant cannabis strains work in the body is less understood. However, it is believed that these strains aim to prevent seizures, decrease pain, and reduce symptoms of mental disorders without making you feel high.

Final Verdict On Sativa vs Indica: Which Strain Can Be the Right Choice?

To summarize, it’s important to understand that Indica and Sativa both are cannabis plants, but they differ from each other in several ways. For example, Indica strains are often used to treat insomnia, chronic pain, and anxiety. In contrast, cannabis Sativa is well known for its energizing and uplifting effects.

When deciding on which strain to try, it is advised to consider the desired intensity and THC and CBD content to match your tolerance. The effects and results you want to achieve also play a significant role when choosing between two cannabis strains.

However, we encourage you to try both Sativa and Indica strains to better understand how they work in the body and what sort of effects they aim to deliver.

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